|CM16||ROYAL ORDER OF MONISERAPHON|
|Ordre Royal du Moniseraphon
founded in one class on February 1 and April 18, 1905; raised to three classes September 9, 1948; and then to five classes in 1961
|For:||service in the fields of instruction, justice, administration, science, literature, and fine arts|
|Design:||Obverse:||in gold, two sprays, the left of laurel with berries, the right of palm, the center two smaller sprays holding a goblet on which rests the book of a scholar;|
|Reverse:||the invertion of the obverse|
|Ribbon:||First type: golden yellow or yellow|
|Later type: light violet - possibly used for a while in the later days of the Kingdom before 1970|
This award resembles closely the French Order of Academic Palms, and has also been called the Order of Historical, Literature, and Scientific Merit, or the Royal Order of Merit of Cambodia. Its name can be transliterated in different ways, such as Palm du Muni Seraphon. Awards could be proposed by the Ministries of National Education, Justice, Finance, Religion, Health, and Information.
Except for the sash, star and commander grade, the Royal Order of Moniseraphon appears fairly frequently on the market.
It has been revived by the current Kingdom.
|16/1||Grand Cross / Grand-Croix / (Moha Serivodho or Mohasereivadh)|
|Design:||star – as above 85mm across, but on squarish silver star consisting of four sets of five faceted silver rays with four smaller sets of three between, surmounted with a standard gold 40mm badge;|
|sash badge – as above 50mm across, with sash|
|Ribbon:||sash 100mm; first, golden yellow; later, pale violet; service bar – with rosette and two gold wings|
16/1 Grand Cross
With the presentation card to Monsieur Jacques Maziol, French Minister of Construction (1962-1966).
|16/2||Grand Officer / Grand-Officier / (Vorsenea)|
|Design:||star – as above, 85mm;|
|breast badge – as above, 40mm across, with rosette on suspension ribbon|
|Ribbon:||45mm; service bar - with rosette with one gold and one silver wing|
|16/3||Commander / Commandeur / (Thipden)|
|Design:||badge – as above, 50mm across, suspended from a cravat|
|Ribbon:||45mm; service bar - with rosette and silver wings|
|16/4||Officer / Officier / (Senea)|
|Design:||breast badge – as above, 38mm across, with rosette on suspension ribbon|
|Ribbon:||38mm; service bar - with rosette|
16/4 Officer - Miniature
|16/5||Knight / Chevalier / (Assarutti)|
|Design:||breast badge – as above, 38mm across, with suspension ribbon|
|Ribbon:||38mm; service bar – without rosette|
CM16 Royal Order of Moniseraphon - Knight
CM16 Royal Order of Moniseraphon - Knight
possibly used violet ribbon
CM16 Royal Order of Moniseraphon - Half-Sized Reduction (23mm x 32mm)
Variations (Officier and Chevalier)
There are many small variations in manufacture of this order, some locally made ones being crudely made of gilt silver or base metal or of an artisan manufacture.
1. Type with Palm on Top of Laurel
|1.1 Type with high relief and fine detail
||1.1a Copy of 1.1 ?
|1.2 Type with flat leaves having leaf edge ridges
||1.3 Type with flat leaves without leaf edge ridges
|1.4 Type with flat leaves and drooping lower top leaf
2. Type with Palm Underneath of Laurel
|2.1 Type without palm and leaf veins
||2.2 Type with veined laurel leaves
|2.3 Type with veined palm leaves (37mm)
||2.4 Copy of 2.3 ? (39mm)
|2.5 Type with highly veined leaves (~40mm)
3. Type with Palm on Top and Underneath of Laurel
|3.1 Type with palm wrapping top and bottom of laurel tip
4. Current type / Post 1995: palm on left; laurel with berries on right
|4.1 Dual side type
||4.1 Uniface Type
|4.3 New Uniface Type - Made in China ?
Unfinished Pendant Stamping for a Miniature
M. Delande in 1938 sold the Palme du Muni Seraphon for 500 Francs in pure gold and for 40 Francs in gilt silver. Others were manufactured by Chobillon. (If anyone has any maker catalogs with listing/prices, please let me know.)
Some catalog excerpts:
Betrand - 1932
Current Kingdom Types (re-instituted October 5, 1995)
Current awards are worn with the badge flipped opposite to the previous awards - with the laurel berries on the right.
16/3 Commander - Current Type
16/5 Knight - Current Type